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The State of Florida is a state in the southeastern United States. Florida is situated mostly on a large peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Straits of Florida. It extends to the northwest into a panhandle, extending along the northern Gulf of Mexico. Florida's nickname is the Sunshine State but severe weather is a common occurrence in the state.
Gainesville is primarily known for being home to the University of Florida, a university in the State University System of Florida and the third-largest university in the United States. Santa Fe Community College, one of the nation's largest community colleges, is also located in Gainesville. Population of the city in 2005 was 108,184. The 2000 Census reported the population of Gainesville to be 95,447. The Gainesville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Alachua and Gilchrist counties, has a population of 239,114 as of 2005 Census Bureau estimates. The city has a total area of 127.2 square kilometers out of which 124.8 square kilometers is covered by land and 2.4 square kilometers is occupied by water.
In the city the population is spread out with 17.8 percent under the age of 18, 29.4 percent from 18 to 24, 26.7 percent from 25 to 44, 16.4 percent from 45 to 64, and 9.8 percent who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males. Gainesville's climate is defined as humid subtropical, however, winters can be continental and temperatures can get as low as cities such as Atlanta, Washington, DC, and Baltimore, all at latitudes much further north.
Gainesville's original inhabitants were the Timucua Indians. The city is named for General Edmund P. Gaines, commander of U.S. Army troops in Florida during the Second Seminole War. Gainesville was the scene of small-scale fighting in the Civil War. Various points of interest in the city are Florida Museum of Natural History including the Butterfly Rainforest exhibit, Harn Museum of Art, Hippodrome State Theatre,  Kanapaha Botanical Gardens, University of Florida, Haile Plantation, the Devil's Millhopper, Payne's Prairie, Lake Alice, Ben Hill Griffin Stadium etc.

Gainesville can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism place that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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